State vision and spirit of constitutional openness

  • October 22, 2020

Indonesian Missions – There were some funny memories when I attended the presentation of Yodi Latif, the author of “Negara Paripurna” during a visit to the campus of Pina Nusantara University, Jakarta, on July 11, 2018. In front of the speakers who filled the M2CD room, Syahdan Campus mentioned many things. Experience the “splendor” of Pancasila as the intellectual product of the founders of this nation and state.

In the question and answer session, he talked about the relationship between the country’s vision and mission and the main idea of ​​the Preamble to the 1945 Constitution. In the previous presentation session, Yodi Latif had not had the chance to develop it. connection, and don’t even have time to bring up these important points for reflection. In my opinion, the main ideas in the preamble to the 1945 Constitution can be used as an entry point to understand why our nation and state exist. For this I use a simple three-dimensional philosophical classification, namely ontological, epistemological and exotropic.

When the founders of this country face the challenge of laying the groundwork for an independent Indonesia, they must answer a big question, namely what is the ontology of the country that will become independent. This question finds the answer in the first thought, namely the state of oneness. Then the second question arises, namely: where is the direction of the new unitary state? This second question offers an ecological answer, and it is a country that is socially just for all Indonesians. This answer is the second reflection. So a third question arises from the cognitive realm, namely: how can this unified state move towards the goals of a state of social justice? The answer lies in the third main point of thought, namely through democracy and democracy we are a democratic democracy that is guided by wisdom in deliberation / representation. The last question is the fourth question about the values ​​that must drive the running of this independent nation and state. The answer is academic in nature, which guides each individual and their leader to always build themselves on divine and human values.

These four thoughts are usually associated with the Pancasila principle. The first precept is actually the third principle of Pancasila, while the second precept refers to the fifth precept. The third principle is the fourth principle. Finally, the fourth point that becomes a consideration regarding the first and second principles of Pancasila. Then the compilers of the Preamble to the 1945 Constitution rearranged these four main points into a new order, starting with the fourth precept (divinity and humanity), then the first (unity) and the third idea (populism …), and ending with the main idea. Second (social justice). This new formulation was mentioned in the fourth Preamble to the 1945 Constitution and is now known as the official form of Pancasila.

Yodi Latif does not explicitly agree with or reject the reading method described above. He prefers to link the four main ideas in the preamble to the 1945 Constitution with our vision and mission as a nation and a state.

According to him, the word “Merdeka” reflects the first and second principles of Pancasila. This is because freedom must make everyone equal, before God and from a human standpoint. The word “unite” reflects the third principle, namely the unity of the nation that lives in a reality that is not homogeneous in all aspects of life. Then comes the word “sovereign,” which reflects the fourth principle. In addition, the word “just and prosperous” represents the five principles of Pancasila. This vision continues through four tasks, namely: (1) protecting the entire Indonesian nation and all Indonesian blood, (2) advancing the general welfare, (3) educating the nation’s life, and (4) participating in state administration. world order based on freedom and peace. . Social and permanent justice.

The first message shows that the state has an obligation to protect all who live in this country and its citizens wherever they are, and protect the land of this country from any kind of disturbance. Protecting people means protecting their rights, such as the right to life, property and dignity. Protecting land means protecting state sovereignty from any country and state.

The second mission emphasizes the nation’s hope for a happy life. There is no happiness if we don’t succeed. To live in prosperity, at least there are basic needs that must be met and it is the responsibility of the state to ensure them. It is clear that there are challenges that are difficult to overcome. Challenges requiring response may change over time. For example, the current challenge is a paradigm shift to move from an extractive economic base to a knowledge economy (from simple exploitation of land and nature, to an economy that brings added value). Happiness is not only material, it is also spiritual happiness.

The third message gives an important message that happiness must be accompanied by intelligence. There is no happiness without intelligence. Intelligence is not only built for individuals, but also for collective intelligence as a nation. Yodi Latif noted that our collective intelligence is currently sick, as evidenced by the low quality of human resources in mass organizations, such as political parties, bureaucracy, and even religious mass organizations. Indeed, the intelligence of Indonesian people as individuals is lower than that of any nation, as shown by competition at the individual level. This is why the civil IQ needs to be developed.

The fourth task is to create a world order based on freedom, eternal peace and social justice. In the context of implementing world order, it is important to adopt a human relations approach. Social interactions must not be constructed and linked exclusively by legal relations. The Indonesian nation has demonstrated a model of social interaction that maintains the feelings and dignity of every component of the nation, through an atmosphere of tolerance without the desire to win or increase group interests.

What is the relationship between the main ideas of the Preamble to the Constitution and the four tasks? Each of these intellectual points seems to overlap with each of these missions. Among these linkages, the most interesting is the third central point of the Preamble to the Constitution, namely the points concerning people who are guided by wisdom in deliberation / representation. What duties should be linked to this intellectual point? Yodi Latif chose the third task, the mission to educate the nation’s life.

I think he is right that our democracy has not fulfilled the mission of these three countries. Our democracy is failing because our democracy is anything but smart. A democracy that is not intelligent does not produce achievements, but only in an average democracy, that is, a democracy that produces people of average intelligence. Those who sit as representatives of our people in the Legislative Body are basically not people who are elected and elected strictly based on the quality of their intelligence. Our political system is not designed to produce patriotic leaders who will fulfill this third task.

As a higher education activist, I try to think that in these circumstances the burden of carrying out teaching duties about the life of this nation should be placed more on educational institutions.


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